Most households have the habit of using one trash bin for all the waste they have. With the growing importance of recycling and also waste management, it is necessary to start segregating. In order to do so, it is important to classify garbage and know what they are. This way, junk removal would not be a pain in the rear end.
Proper waste segregation is not a difficult task. In truth, there are 4 types of household waste.
- Wet Waste
- Dry Waste
- Sanitary Waste
- Hazardous Household Waste
Wet waste is mostly organic matter. Rotten food, fruits, vegetables, fruit peelings, rotten eggs, egg shells, left-over food, fruit seeds, plant fibre, flowers, bones, animal carcasses, meat waste, poultry waste, fish entrails and other kitchen waste are considered wet waste. Yard waste such as leaves, grasses, twigs and branches also fall under this category. Other wastes that can be considered under this category are finger nails, animal food and expired canned goods, which needs to be removed from its packet first.
Dry waste is either organic or inorganic. Organic dry waste includes cotton and woollen clothing, wood filings and pieces, cardboards, egg cartons, paper, newspaper, magazines and wooden furniture. Inorganic dry wastes would include glass, bottles, metals, brushes, toothbrushes, razors, blades, tetra packs, plastic bags, cellophanes, Styrofoam, vinyl, tiles and ceramics.
Sanitary waste includes but not limited to panty liners, sanitary napkins, condoms, bandages, sanitary cloths, diapers, ear buds, tissue papers, dental floss and any cloth or material that is stained with blood. Hospital waste also falls under this category. Such waste should be wrapped properly by newspaper before thrown inside the proper waste bin.
Hazardous Household Waste
Hazardous household wastes are wastes that are corrosive, ignitable, reactive and toxic. Perfect examples include air fresheners, mosquito repellents, button cells, fluorescents, light bulbs, insecticides and nail polish. Electronic waste such as appliances, batteries, printer cartridges, CDs, cassettes and computers also fall under this category. The same thing applies to cosmetics, thermometers, clocks, mobile phones, calculators, paint, thinner, engine oil, toilet cleaners and bleach.
To properly segregate waste at home, there’s only a need for 4 trash bins – one for each kind of waste. Marking them or color coding them will make it easier for household members to remember. This would also make it easier to know where each waste should be thrown properly. Most of all, segregating waste in proper bins will make junk removal an easy thing.